Polygon supernets vs Avalanche subnets: Understanding the Differences

What is a Polygon supernet?

The Supernet platform of the Polygon network is referred to as the “Polygon supernet,” It is a blockchain development platform designed to let developers efficiently and cheaply build their blockchain protocols.

Supernet provides easy access to a wide variety of validators and tools for quick integration and third-party services that may be used to facilitate the network’s development, design, and upkeep.

Supernet’s goal is to aid developers in making secure and scalable blockchains using Polygon’s development framework, Polygon Edge. This framework makes it possible to create blockchains compatible with Ethereum while still being decentralized and efficient.

How does a supernet work, and what is it?

“supernet” generally refers to a network of interconnected blockchains that work together to achieve a common goal.

Supernets are often used as a solution to scalability issues in blockchain networks. By connecting multiple blockchains, supernets can increase the network’s capacity and reduce transaction fees while maintaining the security and decentralization of the individual blockchains.

The specific workings of a supernet can vary depending on the implementation but generally involve cross-chain communication protocols to allow different blockchains to interact with each other. These protocols enable transactions and data to be transferred seamlessly between the interconnected blockchains.

Supernets can be created in various ways, including sidechains, plasma chains, or state channels. The specific technology will depend on the particular use case and network requirements.

Polygon’s Supernet provides developers with a blockchain development platform that enables the creation of Ethereum-compatible blockchains that are secure, decentralized, and efficient while also allowing easy integration with third-party services.

What are the primary characteristics of Polygon supernets?

The key features of the Polygon supernet include the following:

  • Scalability: The Supernet platform is designed to be a scalability solution for the Polygon network. By providing a blockchain development platform that enables developers to create their blockchain protocols, Supernet helps to increase the network’s capacity and reduce transaction fees.
  • Interoperability: The Supernet enables interoperability between blockchains and networks, allowing for the seamless transfer of data and assets across the web. This interoperability is achieved through the use of cross-chain communication protocols.
  • Security: The Supernet uses Polygon’s development framework, Polygon Edge, to build secure and decentralized blockchains compatible with Ethereum. This framework ensures that the individual blockchains on the network are safe and can withstand attacks.
  • Cost-efficiency: The Supernet enables developers to create their blockchain protocols cost-efficiently, reducing the time and resources required to build and deploy new blockchains.
  • Access to tools and resources: The Supernet provides developers with access to a wide range of validators, tools, and third-party services to assist with the implementation, design, and management of their blockchain protocols. This move makes it easier for developers to create and integrate new blockchains into the Supernet network.

What is Avalanche’s subnet?

“subnet” on the Avalanche network refers to a subnetwork of validators responsible for validating transactions and maintaining the security and consensus of the network.

Avalanche is a decentralized platform that allows the creation of custom blockchains and applications. It uses a consensus mechanism called Avalanche Consensus Protocol (ACP) to achieve high throughput and fast confirmation times.

The Avalanche subnet is designed to enable the creation of custom blockchains that are connected to the leading Avalanche network. This allows developers to create their blockchains with specific parameters, rules, and consensus mechanisms, while still benefiting from the security and scalability of the Avalanche network.

The subnet operates as a separate network that is still interoperable with the leading Avalanche network, allowing for transferring assets and data between different subnets and the top network. Validators on the subnet are responsible for validating transactions and maintaining consensus within the subnetwork.

Overall, the Avalanche subnet provides a way for developers to create their custom blockchains while still benefiting from the security and scalability of the Avalanche network. It enables interoperability between subnets and the leading network, creating a highly flexible and customizable blockchain ecosystem.

Avalanche’s main net is made up of three chains:

The Exchange Chain (X-Chain): The X-Chain is designed to create and exchange assets, such as cryptocurrencies and tokens. It supports the creation of new investments and allows for fast and low-cost transactions.

The Contract Chain (C-Chain): The C-Chain is a chain designed for the deployment and execution of smart contracts. It supports the development of decentralized applications (dApps) and enables developers to build and deploy their smart contracts.

The Platform Chain (P-Chain): The P-Chain is a chain that serves as the backbone of the Avalanche network. It coordinates and secures the network, manages validators, and routes transactions between the X-Chain and the C-Chain.

The three chains work together to enable the creation and exchange of assets, the deployment, and execution of smart contracts, and the coordination and security of the Avalanche network. The P-Chain acts as the foundation of the network, while the X-Chain and the C-Chain provide the functionality for asset exchange and smart contract execution, respectively.

Avalanche subnets: how do they function?

  • Customizable parameters: When creating a new subnet, developers can customize various parameters, such as block size, block time, transaction fees, and consensus mechanism. This enables developers to create blockchains that are tailored to their specific needs.
  • Consensus mechanism: Each subnet can have its consensus mechanism, which can be customized based on the needs of the network. For example, a subnet may use the Avalanche Consensus Protocol (ACP), Proof of Stake (PoS), or any other consensus mechanism.
  • Interoperability: Subnets can interoperate with each other and the leading Avalanche network. This means that assets and data can be transferred between subnets, and subnets can benefit from the security and scalability of the top web.
  • Validators: Validators on the subnet are responsible for validating transactions and maintaining consensus within the subnetwork. Validators are chosen through a staking process, in which validators stake AVAX tokens as collateral to secure the network.
  • Asset creation and management: Subnets can support creating and managing custom assets like cryptocurrencies and tokens. This enables developers to create and use digital assets within their custom blockchains.

Distinctive Features of Polygon Supernets and Avalanche Subnets

Polygon supernets are intended to be a scalability solution that assists developers in cost-effectively creating their blockchain protocols. In contrast, Avalanche subnets facilitate the creation of customized blockchains, allowing developers and tech-savvy businesses to build them without needing a token.

Polygon supernets utilize proof-of-authority and proof-of-stake consensus techniques, while Avalanche subnets depend on a network of validators to agree on the blockchains’ state.

Chain Configuration: There are three deployment types for polygon supernets: supernet sovereign chain, shared security chain, and layer-2 chain. Avalanche subnets feature a core subnet that includes all validators, allowing validators to validate new blockchains established on the network and facilitating communication across subnets.

Polygon supernets are based on the Polygon Edge stack, while Avalanche subnets are part of the Avalanche network, which includes the X-Chain, C-Chain, and P-Chain.